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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

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An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammation, and fibrosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Neurofibromatosis

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A constellation of lesions that represent disorders of melanocytes (e.g., axillary “freckles” and caf√© au lait “spots”) and of proliferations of Schwann cells (e.g., papules, nodules, and tumors of neurofibroma).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Actinic Keratosis (a.k.a. Solar Keratosis): Key Points

…Points Actinic keratoses (AKs) are the most common epithelial precancerous skin lesions. They present as scaly, erythematous, ill-defined papules on sun-exposed areas. A small percentage of AKs may progress to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) over a…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Clinical images show homogeneously hyperpigmented macules and geographic or irregular patches typically located on forehead, zygomatic cheeks, upper cutaneous lip, and nose. Central facial involvement is most common but mandibular…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Key Points

…) use or pregnancy (“chloasma,” or the “mask of pregnancy”) and is exacerbated by sun exposure. Although the pigmentation usually fades after pregnancy or withdrawal of OCPs, it may persist indefinitely. Melasma may become a c…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Oral Hairy Leukoplakia: Treatment

Treatment First-line therapy: All patients suspected of having OHL should first be evaluated by KOH preparation to exclude a diagnosis of oral candidiasis as well as consideration of a cause for immunocompromise or immunosuppression in the affected…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanoma

A malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that, in the skin, begins as a macule and may become a patch or a papule. A flat lesion of melanoma tends to be asymmetrical, poorly circumscribed with a scalloped, jagged, or notched border, and variegate, mostly…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Preface

What prompted the undertaking of this pocket atlas of dermatology? The reasons were several and varied, among them the following: 1. ¬†Pictures are and always have been an extraordinarily valuable vehicle in the study of clinical dermatology. The fir…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

…and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colors, shapes, and sizes, among them, macules and patches,…

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