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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

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A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp. The condition may present itself as a solitary lesio…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colo…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanoma

A malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that, in the skin, begins as a macule and may become a patch or a papule. A flat lesion of melanoma tends to be asymmetrical, poorly circumscribed with a scalloped, jagged, or notched border, and variegate, mostly…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Epidermal Nevi

Epidermal nevi are hamartomas in which the epidermis is abnormal, being hyperkeratotic, and in which lesions are aligned along Blaschko’s lines….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Ichthyoses

Noninflammatory scaly disorders in which polygonal gray or brown scales tend to be elevated at their periphery, causing them to appear to be separated from contiguous scales, findings that are seen in three conditions, namely, ichthyosis vulgaris (a…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Cysts and Cystic Hamartomas

Papules, nodules, and tumors that, on gross examination, are usually skin colored and, on histopathologic examination, consist of an epithelium-lined sac that contains fluid, cells, or both in the case of true cysts and of cysts that are associated…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 37-year-old woman with >75 atypical nevi No family history of atypical nevi or melanoma Presents for an evaluation of a “new mole” that rapidly developed on the right leg A full-body skin examination is performed and doe…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Treatment

Treatment Initial therapy First-line: Surgical excision For diagnosis, complete excisional biopsy with minimal margins, pathologically evaluated at multiple levels to determine the tumor thickness, ulceration, mitotic index, evidence of regression,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Clinical images show homogeneously hyperpigmented macules and geographic or irregular patches typically located on forehead, zygomatic cheeks, upper cutaneous lip, and nose. Central facial involvement is most common but mandibular…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pemphigus Foliaceus, Pemphigus Erythematosus: Overview

Overview Pemphigus foliaceus is a relatively benign autoimmune bullous disease associated with the deposition of intercellular antibodies directed against desmoglien 1. The therapeutic approach differs significantly from that for pemphigus vulgaris;…

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