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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Alopecias

Loss of hair attributable either to the effects of inflammatory cells on follicles or to physiological or mechanical factors in which inflammatory cells play no role. Although the scalp is the site most often affected, any region of the skin that be…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Key Points

…void scarring. Warts in immunocompromised individuals are very common, difficult to treat, and potentially oncogenic. Introduction Human papillomavirus-induced lesions (warts) are a common but vexing problem, as no ideal therapy exists. For therapeu…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Treatment

…cne and flat warts, topical retinoids are an ideal treatment. Common warts and plantar warts Common (especially periungual) and plantar warts are a therapeutic challenge for patient and provider both. Although these warts will in general resolve spo…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Aphthous Ulcers (Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis, Canker Sore): Key Points

Key Points Recurrent aphthous ulcers are the most common oral ulcerative ailment, which classically appear as shallow, round or oval ulcers with an inflammatory edge and a faint pseudomembrane. Diagnosis may be made by history and physical exam alo…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

…urgent otolaryngology referral is recommended. HOI may be more common in premature infants, especially females and infants of birth pairs (i.e., twins). HOI are commonly located on the face and neck. HOI typically present in the first few days to wee…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Scabies: Principles of Management of Scabies

Principles of Management of Scabies Initial therapy First line: Topical 5% permethrin cream, applied overnight to entire body except face, hair-bearing scalp. Rinse thoroughly and follow decontamination protocol. Treat patient and all household mem…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars: Key Points

…giectasias. The ears, upper back and chest, and upper arms are common sites of hypertrophic or keloid scar formation; ongoing tension or movement across the wound healing site may predispose to their formation at these sites. Keloids are more common

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Psoriasis: Clinical Overview

…. Scalp psoriasis. Involvement of the palms/ soles is common and may be the only manifestation of psoriasis. Nail involvement is common, associated with onycholysis, pitting, discoloration (oil spots), and onychodystrophy….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Impetigo: Treatment

Treatment First-line treatment: For limited skin involvement, topical antibiotic treatment is first-line and there is evidence that it may be superior to systemic therapy. In limited cases topical antibiotic ointment applied t.i.d. to infected lesio…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis: Initial Evaluation

…dermatitis, also known as pityriasis alba. Fissuring is common in the retroauricular fold. Bacterial superinfection (seen as crusting) within fissures is a common complication. Keratosis pilaris or follicular hyperkeratosis in atopic dermat…

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