A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Tinea Versicolor

An inflammatory disease caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur, the organisms of which proliferate in a slightly thickened stratum corneum. It manifests clinically as white or light brown macules that may be discrete or confluent, on the trunk espec…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to o…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Nodosum

An inflammatory process, i.e., a panniculitis, marked by tender erythematous plaques, nodules, or tumors (or combinations thereof) that usually affect the anterior aspect of the legs and, less often, the arms, and induced by processes, in an organ o…

Dermatology Practical & Conceptual

Multiple confluent reddish nodules

The patient A 48-year-old fisherman from Amazonas (north of Brazil) developed a small papule on the anterior left leg after a traumatic injury with a piece of wood 20 years ago. Over the course of years, multiple large, confluent, reddish to brownis…

Dermatology Practical & Conceptual

Nodules on the right ear

Case report A healthy 17-year-old boy with a one-year history of asymptomatic, slowly enlarging nodules affecting his right ear was seen. The patient’s past medical history was unremarkable, he was not immunosuppressed, he was not taking any d…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Identification of Basic Patterns: Subcutaneous Fat: Panniculitis

See Fig. 5.385 A-C. Figure 5.385 Patterns of panniculitis. A. Septal mostly. B. Lobular mostly. C. Septal and lobular “equally.” At scanning magnification, the normal subcutaneous fat is seen to be segregated by struts of fibrous tiss…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Images

Images 10.22.1A: Vesicular dermatitis, intraepidermal, spongiotic + 10.22.1B: Hyphae in the cornified layer = Dermatophytosis Were there no hyphae present in the stratum corneum, the differential diagnosis also would include allergic cont…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Tinea nigra

Tinea nigra Synonyms Tinea nigra palmaris Keratomycosis nigricans palmaris Pityriasis nigra Carate noir Montoyola nigra Presentation stereotypical Age and sex Young persons especially and of both sexes Distribution of lesions Volar skin, a palm most…