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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

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Allergic contact dermatitis is an inflammatory process induced by direct contact of the skin of a sensitized individual to an allergen.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis

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A papule, sometimes eroded, ulcerated, crusted, or keratotic, on a helix or antehelix consequent to the effects of persistent trauma.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

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An inflammatory process characterized by symmetrical distribution, especially on the skin of the scalp, overlying the scapulae and the sacrum, on the buttocks, and on the extensor surface of the extremities, of clusters of urticarial papules, papulovesicles, and vesicles that are so intensely pruritic that they soon are scratched away, leaving in the wake erosions, ulcers, hemorrhagic crusts, and eventually pigmented macules and scars.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

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An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammation, and fibrosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

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A pruritic papular and vesicular inflammatory process of unknown cause that tends to affect the sides of fingers and toes, as well as palms and soles.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Annulare Centrifugum

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An inflammatory disease characterized by lesions with arcuate, annular, and serpiginous outlines and by collarettes of scale on the inner margin of lesions that extend outward in centrifugal fashion, disappearing in months as a rule in the absence of treatment.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Multiforme

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An inflammatory process that tends to involve mucous membranes, as well as skin, and of the latter the acra especially.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Nodosum

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An inflammatory process, i.e., a panniculitis, marked by tender erythematous plaques, nodules, or tumors (or combinations thereof) that usually affect the anterior aspect of the legs and, less often, the arms, and induced by processes, in an organ other than the skin, as dissimilar as sarcoidosis, Crohn’s disease, and histoplasmosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Factitious Dermatitis

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Dermatitis (and/or panniculitis) induced artificially and deliberately by a patient and characterized clinically by findings unlike those of any "authentic" disease, for example, by lesions that have sharply angulated margins, lesions that are artificially linear, and ulcers that have a punched-out appearance, all of these changes occurring on sites that are within easy reach of manipulating hands.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Lupus Erythematosus

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An inflammatory process that expresses itself in the skin in protean ways that are variations on a basic pathologic theme, and includes evanescent patches on the face (“butterfly blush”), scaly papules and plaques that resolve with atrophy and hyperpigmentation (classic discoid lupus erythematosus), arcuate, annular, and serpiginous lesions (subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), nonscaling plaques (tumid lupus erythematosus), subcutaneous nodules (lupus profundus), and blisters (bullous lupus erythematosus).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Neurofibromatosis

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A constellation of lesions that represent disorders of melanocytes (e.g., axillary "freckles" and café au lait "spots") and of proliferations of Schwann cells (e.g., papules, nodules, and tumors of neurofibroma).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nummular Dermatitis

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An inflammatory process of unknown cause consisting of pruritic coin-shaped lesions of different sizes and made up of vesicles that soon are scratched away, leaving erosions, ulcerations, and crusts as residua.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Persistent Pigmented Purpuric Dermatitis

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An inflammatory process, but not a vasculitis, that involves the legs especially with purpuric macules and subtle papules (Schamberg’s disease), lichenoid papules (lichenoid purpura of Gougerot-Blum), and scaly papules (eczematid-like purpura of Doucas and Kapetanakis), all of which seem to be variants of the same basic pathologic process.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Phototoxic Dermatitis

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An inflammatory process that represents the combined effects of a toxic substance applied topically or administered systemically in combination with the effects of ultraviolet light, the result being a caricature of sunburn.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Seborrheic Dermatitis

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An inflammatory process that consists of tiny papules covered by prominent scales and localized typically to the “seborrheic region,” namely, scalp, forehead, eyebrows, malar eminences, paranasal and nasolabial folds, and retroauricular zone, and sometimes the chest and axillary vault.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Viral Exanthems

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An inflammatory process manifested by a transient, usually widespread eruption, made up typically of macules and papules, and episodically of vesicles and pustules.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Photoallergic Dermatitis and Phototoxic Dermatitis

An inflammatory process that results from either topical or systemic sensitization coupled with the effects of ultraviolet light. The lesions, all of which occur in photodistribution, are macules, papules, and blisters that resolve with crusts….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis is an inflammatory process induced by direct contact of the skin of a sensitized individual to an allergen. Within hours, red macules or patches develop that usually evolve rapidly, sometimes through an intermediate stage…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Phototoxic Dermatitis

An inflammatory process that represents the combined effects of a toxic substance applied topically or administered systemically in combination with the effects of ultraviolet light, the result being a caricature of sunburn. The lesions consist of e…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nummular Dermatitis

An inflammatory process of unknown cause consisting of pruritic coin-shaped lesions of different sizes and made up of vesicles that soon are scratched away, leaving erosions, ulcerations, and crusts as residua….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Seborrheic Dermatitis

An inflammatory process that consists of tiny papules covered by prominent scales and localized typically to the “seborrheic region,” namely, scalp, forehead, eyebrows, malar eminences, paranasal and nasolabial folds, and retroauricular…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

A pruritic papular and vesicular inflammatory process of unknown cause that tends to affect the sides of fingers and toes, as well as palms and soles. The name “dyshidrotic” is misleading; the condition has no relation whatever to eccrin…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

…ocess characterized by symmetrical distribution, especially on the skin of the scalp, overlying the scapulae and the sacrum, on the buttocks, and on the extensor surface of the extremities, of clusters of urticarial papules, papulovesicles, and vesic…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Persistent Pigmented Purpuric Dermatitis

An inflammatory process, but not a vasculitis, that involves the legs especially with purpuric macules and subtle papules (Schamberg’s disease), lichenoid papules (lichenoid purpura of Gougerot-Blum), and scaly papules (eczematid-like purpura…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Factitious Dermatitis

Dermatitis (and/or panniculitis) induced artificially and deliberately by a patient and characterized clinically by findings unlike those of any "authentic" disease, for example, by lesions that have sharply angulated margins, lesions that…

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