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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colo…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanoma

A malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that, in the skin, begins as a macule and may become a patch or a papule. A flat lesion of melanoma tends to be asymmetrical, poorly circumscribed with a scalloped, jagged, or notched border, and variegate, mostly…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Vitiligo

An inflammatory process that is idiopathic and results in depigmentation of the skin consequent to loss of melanocytes from the epidermis, and in whitening of hair that follows loss of melanocytes from the bulb of follicles….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melasma

Pigmented macules and patches mostly in the middle third of the face, vertically and horizontally, distributed symmetrically and occurring mainly in postpubescent women as a consequence of the combined effects of estrogen and ultraviolet light on me…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Porokeratosis: Overview

…ignant. Any papule, nodule, or ulcer developing in association with a lesion of porokeratosis must be biopsied. Porokeratosis is an autosomally dominantly inherited genetic trait. Genetic counseling is appropriate in familial cases. Topical 5-FU ther…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pernio/Chilblains: Key Points

…in regions of extreme cold, as most people require warm houses with central heating, and warm layered clothing during outdoor exposure. The condition is more common in women than men, with about a 2:1 ratio. Most reports are in white patients who are…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hailey-Hailey Disease: Overview

…s, apply an absorbent powder. Most acute flares are associated with secondary infection with S. aureus. If secondary infection is apparent and/or if cultures reveal the presence of pathogenic bacteria, administer oral antibiotics, based on the result…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Key Points

…pigment in the epidermis, dermis, or both; increased number of melanocytes or dermal melanophages in the dermis may also result in melasma. It usually appears in association with estrogen exposure in the form of oral contraceptive (OCP) use, hormone…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Key Points

…nefit from it? Referral to regional centers or consultation with regional dermatologic and/or oncologic experts is recommended. Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes residing in skin, mucosal sites, eyes, and meninges. In the United States…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm of keratinocytes that when present as a keratotic macule or papule on skin damaged badly by sunlight is referred to as solar keratosis. When present as a plaque it is termed Bowen’s disease, and when present as many papule…

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