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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

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An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammation, and fibrosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Annulare Centrifugum

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An inflammatory disease characterized by lesions with arcuate, annular, and serpiginous outlines and by collarettes of scale on the inner margin of lesions that extend outward in centrifugal fashion, disappearing in months as a rule in the absence of treatment.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Multiforme

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An inflammatory process that tends to involve mucous membranes, as well as skin, and of the latter the acra especially.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Nodosum

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An inflammatory process, i.e., a panniculitis, marked by tender erythematous plaques, nodules, or tumors (or combinations thereof) that usually affect the anterior aspect of the legs and, less often, the arms, and induced by processes, in an organ other than the skin, as dissimilar as sarcoidosis, Crohn’s disease, and histoplasmosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Lupus Erythematosus

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An inflammatory process that expresses itself in the skin in protean ways that are variations on a basic pathologic theme, and includes evanescent patches on the face (“butterfly blush”), scaly papules and plaques that resolve with atrophy and hyperpigmentation (classic discoid lupus erythematosus), arcuate, annular, and serpiginous lesions (subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), nonscaling plaques (tumid lupus erythematosus), subcutaneous nodules (lupus profundus), and blisters (bullous lupus erythematosus).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Neurofibromatosis

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A constellation of lesions that represent disorders of melanocytes (e.g., axillary "freckles" and café au lait "spots") and of proliferations of Schwann cells (e.g., papules, nodules, and tumors of neurofibroma).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Viral Exanthems

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An inflammatory process manifested by a transient, usually widespread eruption, made up typically of macules and papules, and episodically of vesicles and pustules.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Preface

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What prompted the undertaking of this pocket atlas of dermatology?

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Fibrous Papule of the Face and Analogues of It

…linically as a firm, skin-colored papule. It usually occurs on the nose, but it can occur anywhere on the face. When solitary, or few, the lesion is termed "fibrous papule," but when innumerable on the face in the context of tuberous sclero…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis: Clinical Cases

…dry skin, who developed hypopigmented, fine scaling patches on the face and trunk She reports new pruritus of the skin No prior treatment Treatment Counseling on daily skin care (cleansing: soap-free cleanser over the body, mild soap only in the ax…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Clinical Cases

…scalp, and chest) 32-year-old man erythema and scaling of the scalp, ears, central face, and chest slight improvement with topical ketoconazole 2% cream Initial treatment Ketoconazole 2% cream b.i.d. (face/ears) Desonide 0.05% cream b.i.d….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Acne Vulgaris: Treatment

…dout Skin & hair care for acne patients.) Overzealous use of topical retinoids and/or benzoyl peroxide products may irritate skin. Only small amounts of topical retinoids (pea-sized for the entire face) should be applied. Strategies for reducing…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Periorificial Dermatitis: Key Points

…ated topical steroids on the face. It may also be triggered by the use of inhaled steroids and/or topical tacrolimus ointment on the face. Introduction Periorificial dermatitis is a common eruption of the face and is marked by erythematous papules,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Acne Vulgaris: Clinical Cases

…in with non-soap containing wash Apply benzoyl peroxide gel in the morning and adapalene 0.1% or tretinoin 0.025% cream at night to the face; if skin gets irritated, use once every other night for 2 weeks Alternatively, a fixed formulation of benzoyl…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Principles of Seborrheic Dermatitis Management

…d for patients with dry scalp or dry hair. For severe disease of the scalp Refer patients to the dermatologist. Face & body For mild disease of the face and body Topical antifungal agents such as ketoconazole 2% cream or gel applied b.i.d. ar…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Key Points

…d in rare cases can progress to a generalized erythroderma. On the face, it classically affects the nasolabial folds, eyebrows, glabella, and beard area; blepharoconjunctivitis may also occur. The mainstay of treatment includes anti-fungal agents alo…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Psoriasis: Principles of Psoriasis Management

…y also be used with occlusion. Topical corticosteroids. Are the most commonly prescribed agents for treatment of localized psoriatic lesions. High-potency topical steroids (class 1 or 2) are required, except for the face, groin, axillae, and other…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Periorificial Dermatitis: Clinical Case

…0.1% ointment (prescribed earlier for poison oak dermatitis on the leg), approximately one month ago Denies use of inhaled steroids or other cosmetics on the face Initial evaluation Healthy appearing male Scattered papules and pustules in a periora…

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