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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Cysts and Cystic Hamartomas

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Papules, nodules, and tumors that, on gross examination, are usually skin colored and, on histopathologic examination, consist of an epithelium-lined sac that contains fluid, cells, or both in the case of true cysts and of cysts that are associated with other epithelial elements of adnexa in the case of cystic hamartomas.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Cysts and Cystic Hamartomas

Papules, nodules, and tumors that, on gross examination, are usually skin colored and, on histopathologic examination, consist of an epithelium-lined sac that contains fluid, cells, or both in the case of true cysts and of cysts that are associated…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Acne Vulgaris: Initial Evaluation

…medonal acne: Open (blackheads) and closed (whiteheads) 1-2 mm follicular-based papules. Some of the lesions are excoriated. Inflammatory acne: The lesions of inflammatory acne include erythematous papules and pustules, nodules and cysts. These…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Clinical Cases

…ications Denies GI symptoms Presents for management of painful cysts on bilateral axilla with purulent drainage Initial evaluation Obese young female Otherwise healthy Indurated plaques with scattered nodules, cysts, and sinus tracts with moderate…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Key Points

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory process affecting skin bearing apocrine glands; the groin, axillae, and inframammary areas are typically involved. The classic lesions of HS include cysts, nodules, sinus tracts, and inflamed…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Acne Vulgaris: Key Points

…, papules, and pustules, or a combination of lesions. Nodules, cysts, and scarring are seen in more severe disease. Factors involved in the pathogenesis of acne include: alteration of follicular keratinization, presence of bacteria (Propionibacterium…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Acne Vulgaris: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Mild acne 17-year-old female patient First consultation Regular menses No previous acne treatment Mainly comedones and few inflammatory acne lesions on the face, sensitive skin Treatment Wash skin with non-soap containing fac…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vitiligo: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 5-year-old boy Four month history of an enlarging depigmented patch on right lower cutaneous lip and chin Otherwise healthy Family history notable for mother with autoimmune thyroiditis Initial evaluation Wood’s lam…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Keratosis Pilaris: Key Points

…atch. On biopsy, these lesions are characterized by keratinous follicular plugging with orthohyperkeratosis to create a follicular spicule. Typical sites of involvement include facial cheeks, upper posterior arms, lateral thighs, and buttocks, and in…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Alopecia: Key Points

Key Points Alopecia, or hair loss, has a broad spectrum of causes. In order to appropriately treat alopecia, the type of hair loss or pathophysiology must be clearly identified. The evaluation for hair loss requires a very thorough history and phys…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Alopecias

Loss of hair attributable either to the effects of inflammatory cells on follicles or to physiological or mechanical factors in which inflammatory cells play no role. Although the scalp is the site most often affected, any region of the skin that be…

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