Search Results for: hair follicle

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Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Alopecia: Key Points

…alopecia, is the result of increased shedding or breakage of hair and may be brought about by a broad spectrum of causes. Alopecia may result from primary disorders of hair or the hair follicle, and may be secondary to an underlying medical disease,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Alopecia: Clinical Cases

…-up evaluation A scalp biopsy demonstrates miniaturization of hair follicles consistent with androgenetic alopecia, without any other evidence of inflammation The natural history of androgenetic alopecia, treatment options, and expectations for treat…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Alopecia: Treatment

…reatment First-line treatment strongly depends on the type of hair loss. Specific pharmacologic treatments are discussed below for the two most common causes of alopecia: androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata. Ancillary therapy In all cases of ha…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Folliculitis (including pseudofolliculitis barbae): Key Points

…herapy of acne vulgaris. Since inflammation is limited to the hair follicle, classic signs of infection (dolor, calor, rubor, and tumor) may be absent, making differentiation from milaria, papulovesicular viral exanthems, and acneiform eruptions diff…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pediculosis (Lice): Treatment

…removal of the lice and nits from the clothing (body lice) or hair (hair or pubic lice) is the priority of treatment. Body lice All of the patient’s infested clothing and bedding should be disposed of if possible. The remaining bedding and clot…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pediculosis (Lice): Initial Evaluation

…-blue macules) on areas of skin that come in contact with the hair. The eggs of head lice are highly monomorphous ovoid structures that are firmly attached to the hair shaft via a white concretion such that they are challenging to remove. These are t…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Folliculitis (including pseudofolliculitis barbae): Treatment

…h the skin when shaving. Shave often enough to keep the beard hair an optimal length: long enough to be out of the follicle, but short enough to not be ingrowing. This varies from daily to every third day, depending on the rate of the beard growth of…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Superficial Fungal Infections: Therapy: Tinea capitis

…inea capitis is superficial fungal infection of the scalp and hair It is mainly caused by any pathogenic dermatophyte except E. floccosum and T. concentricum The most common cause worldwide is M. canis, whereas in the USA it is T. tonsurans Epidemiol…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pediculosis (Lice): Clinical Case

…school athletic team Denies recent travel, new cosmetics for hair or skin Initial evaluation Healthy appearing female teenager Scattered erythematous macules and excoriated papules on the neck; several lice and egg casings are noted in the scalp hai…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Principles of Seborrheic Dermatitis Management

…roids. Instructions to the patient: Shampoo is applied to wet hair, worked up into a lather for 5-10 minutes, then rinsed. Any conditioner or cream rinse may follow. For moderate-to-severe disease of the scalp Prescribe a low or mid-potency corticost…

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