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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

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An inflammatory process characterized by symmetrical distribution, especially on the skin of the scalp, overlying the scapulae and the sacrum, on the buttocks, and on the extensor surface of the extremities, of clusters of urticarial papules, papulovesicles, and vesicles that are so intensely pruritic that they soon are scratched away, leaving in the wake erosions, ulcers, hemorrhagic crusts, and eventually pigmented macules and scars.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Extramammary Paget’s Disease and Mammary Paget’s Disease

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Extramammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins within the epidermis and presents itself clinically as a patch or a subtle plaque that extends centrifugally for many years before becoming a readily discernible thick plaque, a finding that signifies involvement by the carcinoma of the dermis, too.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Mammary Paget’s

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Mammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins in mammary glands and extends along lactiferous ducts to the epidermis where it is seen clinically as a scaly, crusted, or eroded plaque on the nipple or areola of women mostly, and uncommonly of men.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Impetigo Contagiosa

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An infectious inflammatory process that consists of pustules that resolve with crusts in at least one locus and often several loci, usually on a face, and caused by streptococci or staphylococci.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Vasculitis and Livedo Reticularis

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A type of small-vessel vasculitis (venulitis) of the skin, occurring especially in the vicinity of the ankle, characterized at first by purpuric macules and patches that, in time, may become hemorrhagic blisters that ulcerate and heal with white, stellate scars (atrophie blanche).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Reticularis

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Bluish red net-like pattern of macules and patches, a consequence of dilated small end vessels of the superficial plexus.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Scars, Keloids, and Anetodermas

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A type of fibrosing inflammation characterized clinically by lesions that at first are elevated and that do not extend beyond the exact site of injury and that in time tend to shrink, sometimes even becoming atrophic.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases


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The end-stage of an inflammatory or neoplastic process in which there is loss of collagen and elastic tissue in the mid-reticular dermis with consequent formation of lesions that protrude in dome-like fashion above the skin surface and that can be herniated below the skin surface.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Sweet’s Syndrome

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An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Rosacea: Suggested Reading

…practice: Rosacea, NEJM 352: 793-803. Odom R, Dahl M, Dover J, et al (2009) Standard management options for rosacea, part 2: options according to subtype, Cutis 84: 97-104. Odom R, Dahl M, Dover J, et al (2009) Standard management options for rosacea…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Angular Cheilitis: References

…, Brodell RT, Helms SE (2011) Angular cheilitis, part 1: local etiologies, Cutis, 87(6):289-295. Park KK, Brodell RT, Helms SE (2011) Angular cheilitis, part 2: nutritional, systemic, and drug-related causes and treament, Cutis, 87(1):27-32. Sharon…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases


An inflammatory process caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In the skin, it may be primary as a consequence of direct inoculation (tuberculosis verrucosa cutis) or secondary to a focus of tuberculosis in another organ (the lung for lupus vulgaris,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Dermatomyositis: Overview

Overview Patients with dermatomyositis (DM) often have multisystem involvement and therefore require a multidisciplinary approach. Consultation with a rheumatologist is strongly encouraged. A subset of patients will have only skin disease (amyopathi…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Tuberculosis, Cutaneous: Overview

Overview Cutaneous tuberculosis includes all forms of tuberculosis affecting the skin-those in which organisms can be identified (tuberculous ulcer, scrofuloderma, orificial tuberculosis, tuberculosis verrucosa cutis, and lupus vulgaris) as well as…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Periorificial Dermatitis: References

References Chen A, Zirwas M (2009) Steroid-induced rosacealike dermatitis: case report and review of the literature, Cutis, 83(4): 198-204. Jansen T, Melnik BC, Schadendorf D (2010) Steroid-induced periorificial dermatitis in children-clinical featu…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Impetigo: References

…ily Physician, 75(6): 859-864. Geria A & Schwartz R (2010) Cutis, 85(2): 65-70. Koning S et al (2003) Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Interventions for Impetigo, updated in 2009, Issue 2, Article CD003261. McCormick A, Fleming D, Charlto…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Lichen Planus: References

…011) Systemic treatment of cutaneous lichen planus: an update, Cutis, 87:129-134. Birkenfeld S et al (2011) A study on the association with hepatitis B and hepatitis C in 1557 patients with lichen planus, JEADV, 25(4): 436-440. Lodi G et al (2010) HC…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease)

An inflammatory disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi that manifests itself in the skin as erythematous lesions with figurate shapes, e.g., (round, ellipsoid, and arcuate) (erythema chronicum migrans), pseudolymphomatous nodules (lym…

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