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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Basal Cell Carcinoma

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A malignant neoplasm made up of abnormal germinative cells analogous to those that compose the folliculosebaceous-apocrine germ in an embryo and that usually manifests clinically as a papule or nodule which may become ulcerated.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

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An inflammatory process characterized by symmetrical distribution, especially on the skin of the scalp, overlying the scapulae and the sacrum, on the buttocks, and on the extensor surface of the extremities, of clusters of urticarial papules, papulovesicles, and vesicles that are so intensely pruritic that they soon are scratched away, leaving in the wake erosions, ulcers, hemorrhagic crusts, and eventually pigmented macules and scars.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Extramammary Paget’s Disease and Mammary Paget’s Disease

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Extramammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins within the epidermis and presents itself clinically as a patch or a subtle plaque that extends centrifugally for many years before becoming a readily discernible thick plaque, a finding that signifies involvement by the carcinoma of the dermis, too.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Mammary Paget’s

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Mammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins in mammary glands and extends along lactiferous ducts to the epidermis where it is seen clinically as a scaly, crusted, or eroded plaque on the nipple or areola of women mostly, and uncommonly of men.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Impetigo Contagiosa

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An infectious inflammatory process that consists of pustules that resolve with crusts in at least one locus and often several loci, usually on a face, and caused by streptococci or staphylococci.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Keratosis Pilaris/Lichen Spinulosus

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Keratotic spikes that emerge from dilated ostia of infundibula and are equidistant from one another.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Vasculitis and Livedo Reticularis

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A type of small-vessel vasculitis (venulitis) of the skin, occurring especially in the vicinity of the ankle, characterized at first by purpuric macules and patches that, in time, may become hemorrhagic blisters that ulcerate and heal with white, stellate scars (atrophie blanche).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Reticularis

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Bluish red net-like pattern of macules and patches, a consequence of dilated small end vessels of the superficial plexus.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Scars, Keloids, and Anetodermas

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A type of fibrosing inflammation characterized clinically by lesions that at first are elevated and that do not extend beyond the exact site of injury and that in time tend to shrink, sometimes even becoming atrophic.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Anetoderma

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The end-stage of an inflammatory or neoplastic process in which there is loss of collagen and elastic tissue in the mid-reticular dermis with consequent formation of lesions that protrude in dome-like fashion above the skin surface and that can be herniated below the skin surface.