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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease)

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An inflammatory disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi that manifests itself in the skin as erythematous lesions with figurate shapes, e.g., (round, ellipsoid, and arcuate) (erythema chronicum migrans), pseudolymphomatous nodules (lymphadenosis benigna cutis), and acral patches and plaques that in time become atrophic (acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Darier’s Disease

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A genetically determined disorder in which numerous closely set keratotic papules are present on the skin, especially the trunk, in nail units, and on mucous membranes, particularly the palate, but also rarely in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

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An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammation, and fibrosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Annulare Centrifugum

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An inflammatory disease characterized by lesions with arcuate, annular, and serpiginous outlines and by collarettes of scale on the inner margin of lesions that extend outward in centrifugal fashion, disappearing in months as a rule in the absence of treatment.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Multiforme

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An inflammatory process that tends to involve mucous membranes, as well as skin, and of the latter the acra especially.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Erythema Nodosum

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An inflammatory process, i.e., a panniculitis, marked by tender erythematous plaques, nodules, or tumors (or combinations thereof) that usually affect the anterior aspect of the legs and, less often, the arms, and induced by processes, in an organ other than the skin, as dissimilar as sarcoidosis, Crohn’s disease, and histoplasmosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Extramammary Paget’s Disease and Mammary Paget’s Disease

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Extramammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins within the epidermis and presents itself clinically as a patch or a subtle plaque that extends centrifugally for many years before becoming a readily discernible thick plaque, a finding that signifies involvement by the carcinoma of the dermis, too.