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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Lipoma

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A benign neoplasm of adipocytes that forms in the subcutaneous fat (as well as in other organs sometimes) and manifests itself clinically as either an elevated tumor or a tumor that cannot be visualized clinically, but that can be palpated, the skin overlying it in both circumstances being normal.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Necrobiosis Lipoidica

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A granulomatous inflammatory process characterized clinically by patches that become yellowish plaques and that in time resolve with atrophy and telangiectases.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Cheilitis Granulomatosa: Overview

…ome Cheilitis granulomatosa is sudden onset of swelling of the lips which progresses to chronic enlargement. The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome diagnosis is made when lip enlargement is accompanied by facial paralysis or paresis and scrotal tongue. Th…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Simplex: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 7-year-old previously healthy girl with 2 days’ history of erythema on the right oral commissure and right lower cutaneous lip No fevers, chills, malaise No preceding illnesses or trauma Initial visit Obtain viral D…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Angular Cheilitis: Treatment

Treatment First-line therapy: The first-line therapy should address microbial overgrowth and also minimize ongoing maceration of affected sites. Treatment of concomitant oral candidiasis, when present, is also necessary. Infants: Oral candidiasi…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Actinic Keratosis (a.k.a. Solar Keratosis): Key Points

Key Points Actinic keratoses (AKs) are the most common epithelial precancerous skin lesions. They present as scaly, erythematous, ill-defined papules on sun-exposed areas. A small percentage of AKs may progress to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) ov…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Stings: Clinical Case

Clinical Case Case 1 18-year-old teenage male is stung on the side of his face by a bee while playing football with friends in the park Within minutes, he develops dramatic erythema, edema of the entire side of the face with pronounced periocula…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Lichen Planus: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 Generalized cutaneous and mucosal lichen planus 53-year-old man with hepatitis C viral infection Acute onset of intensely pruritic, purpuric, papular eruption No constitutional symptoms Initial evaluation Bilateral…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Clinical images show homogeneously hyperpigmented macules and geographic or irregular patches typically located on forehead, zygomatic cheeks, upper cutaneous lip, and nose. Central facial involvement is most common but mandibular…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Angular Cheilitis: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 68-year-old healthy female No significant past medical history Edentulous with ill-fitting dentures Presents for evaluation and management of long-standing “lip ulcers” Initial evaluation Healthy appearing fem…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vitiligo: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 5-year-old boy Four month history of an enlarging depigmented patch on right lower cutaneous lip and chin Otherwise healthy Family history notable for mother with autoimmune thyroiditis Initial evaluation Wood’s lam…

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