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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

…neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colors, shapes, and sizes, among them, macules and patches, papules and…

Resolving Quandaries in Dermatology, Pathology & Dermatopathology

Blue Nevus?

…d to name acquired melanocytic nevi eponymically (i.e., Clark, Spitz, and Reed), because several congenital proliferations of melanocytes already are known by eponyms (e.g., nevus of Ota, nevus of Ito, and the blue neuro-nevus of Masson), and because…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease): Initial Evaluation

…dermatitis chronica atrophicans These lesions may occur at the sites of prior erythema chronicum migrans. Atrophic epidermis is the hallmark. Sclerodermatous changes, with thickening and dermal induration, may also occur. Single or multiple blue-to-v…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pediculosis (Lice): Initial Evaluation

s image) or maculae ceruleans (slate-blue macules) on areas of skin that come in contact with the hair. The eggs of head lice are highly monomorphous ovoid structures that are firmly attached to the hair shaft via a white concretion such that they…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Principles of Seborrheic Dermatitis Management

…2% (prescription) or 1% (OTC) twice weekly Use an alternative shampoo, such as zinc pyrithione shampoo (such as Head & Shoulders) or selenium sulfide shampoo (such as Selsun or Selsun Blue) or ciclopirox (such as Loprox) on the other days In ver…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

…typically present in the first few days to weeks of life as a subtle erythematous macular lesion that rapidly proliferates over weeks to months to form a bright red, soft, papillated tumor. Dulling of the erythema or development of a dusky blue hue…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Key Points

…initial definitive diagnosis. Clinical variants of melanoma: Superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) is the most common form of melanoma, and typically presents with irregular borders, highly uneven pigmentation and/or unusual pigmentation (i.e., blue

Dermatology Practical & Conceptual

Blue nevus with a starburst pattern on dermoscopy

…bstract An 11-year-old girl presented to our department with a blue-gray papule approximately 4 mm in diameter. We suspected that it was a blue nevus or a pigmented Reed/Spitz nevus. On dermoscopic observation, the lesion showed homogeneous black-blu…

Dermatology Practical & Conceptual

Melanoma and satellite blue papule

Abstract The colors that are seen in dermoscopy depend on the anatomic level of the skin at which the chromophores are seen. Blue color can be found in a variety of melanocytic and nonmelanocytic lesions. An 89-year-old man presented with a 3-year h…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Vitiligo

An inflammatory process that is idiopathic and results in depigmentation of the skin consequent to loss of melanocytes from the epidermis, and in whitening of hair that follows loss of melanocytes from the bulb of follicles….

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