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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

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Allergic contact dermatitis is an inflammatory process induced by direct contact of the skin of a sensitized individual to an allergen.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis

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A papule, sometimes eroded, ulcerated, crusted, or keratotic, on a helix or antehelix consequent to the effects of persistent trauma.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Bullous Pemphigoid and Herpes Gestationis

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An inflammatory disease of older people; signs include widespread erythematous macules and patches, urticarial papules and plaques, and vesicles and bullae, the blisters often arising on urticarial plaques.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Herpes Gestationis

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An inflammatory disease of the second and third trimesters of pregnancy characterized by widespread urticarial papules and plaques accompanied by vesicles and bullae.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Drug Eruptions

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An inflammatory process that results from the effects of a drug administered systemically, e.g., by ingestion, inhalation, injection, or application rectally, and manifested usually by lesions distributed widely and symmetrically.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Fixed Drug Eruption

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Circular orange-red-blue macule(s) or patch(es) that often becomes a papule(s) or plaque(s) and vesiculates, healing with hyperpigmentation, and that occurs repeatedly at the very same cutaneous and/or mucous membrane site(s), especially the genitalia, perioral region, and hands, in response to systemic administration of a particular drug or chemical, chief among them barbiturates and sulfonamides.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

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An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Impetigo Contagiosa

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An infectious inflammatory process that consists of pustules that resolve with crusts in at least one locus and often several loci, usually on a face, and caused by streptococci or staphylococci.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Molluscum Contagiosum

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A hyperplasia of infundibular epithelium consequent to the effects of infection by a pox virus and manifesting itself clinically as one or more skin-colored, smooth-surfaced, dome-shaped papules, each with a central umbilication filled with horny material.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

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A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Polymorphous Light Eruption

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An inflammatory process that appears on skin exposed to sunlight, especially the face, neck, sternal region, arms, and dorsa of hands, and consists mostly of edematous papules that may become confluent to form plaques, and at times, papulovesicles.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp. The condition may present itself as a solitary lesio…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers (NMSC): Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) and Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC): Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers (NMSC): Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) and Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) – Initial Evaluation–Bowen’s Disease (Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ) – genprac

…to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. BowenÂ’s disease may occur on sun-exposed sites, on extragenital sites where actinic lesions are rare (palms, trunks of persons with no history of sun exposure), in the genital region, and on the glans penis (eryth…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colo…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis: Treatment

…s with fissures and honey-colored crusting, especially evident on the glabella, on the upper cutaneous lip, chin, and in the peri-ocular area. This is highly suggestive of impetiginized (superinfected) facial eczema. Gentle skin care is paramountSee…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis: Clinical Cases

…cal Cases Mild disease 9-year-old girl with chronic dry skin, who developed hypopigmented, fine scaling patches on the face and trunk She reports new pruritus of the skin No prior treatment Treatment Counseling on daily skin care (cleansing:…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Candidiasis: Clinical Cases

…Recommendation: clotrimazole 1% cream b.i.d. to affected areas Skin care reviewed: recommended to keep skin dry by toweling completely after bathing and drying skin fully with hairdryer set on cool air Encourage weight reduction regimens Follow-up as…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Candidiasis: Treatment

…ing them to the air, and to keep stool and urine away from the skin. Patients should be educated to towel off completely after bathing, and may use a hairdryer (set on cool air setting) to fully dry off affected areas of skin, especially if they are…

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