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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Bullous Pemphigoid and Herpes Gestationis

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An inflammatory disease of older people; signs include widespread erythematous macules and patches, urticarial papules and plaques, and vesicles and bullae, the blisters often arising on urticarial plaques.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Candidiasis

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An inflammatory disease caused by the yeast Candida albicans and manifested clinically as erythematous papules and pustules that may become confluent to form plaques in the case of the former and erosions in the case of the latter.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Cysts and Cystic Hamartomas

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Papules, nodules, and tumors that, on gross examination, are usually skin colored and, on histopathologic examination, consist of an epithelium-lined sac that contains fluid, cells, or both in the case of true cysts and of cysts that are associated with other epithelial elements of adnexa in the case of cystic hamartomas.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Extramammary Paget’s Disease and Mammary Paget’s Disease

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Extramammary Paget’s disease is an apocrine carcinoma that begins within the epidermis and presents itself clinically as a patch or a subtle plaque that extends centrifugally for many years before becoming a readily discernible thick plaque, a finding that signifies involvement by the carcinoma of the dermis, too.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

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An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Herpes Simplex, Zoster, and Varicella

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Conditions caused by infection with different strains of herpesvirus and typified when fully developed by tense vesicles, herpes simplex consisting of grouped vesicles on an erythematous base, zoster being made up of vesicles, sometimes hemorrhagic ones, that course along a dermatome of an adult usually, and varicella being characterized by widespread discrete vesicles in children as a rule.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Vasculitis and Livedo Reticularis

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A type of small-vessel vasculitis (venulitis) of the skin, occurring especially in the vicinity of the ankle, characterized at first by purpuric macules and patches that, in time, may become hemorrhagic blisters that ulcerate and heal with white, stellate scars (atrophie blanche).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

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Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colors, shapes, and sizes, among them, macules and patches, papules and plaques, and nodules and tumors.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Palmar and Plantar Keratoderma

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A keratotic condition of the palms and soles, inherited usually, but sometimes acquired, in which involvement may be diffuse, circumscribed (including striate), or punctate.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Scars, Keloids, and Anetodermas

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A type of fibrosing inflammation characterized clinically by lesions that at first are elevated and that do not extend beyond the exact site of injury and that in time tend to shrink, sometimes even becoming atrophic.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Sebaceous Gland Hyperplasia

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An enlargement of normal pre-existing sebaceous lobules on the face, the forehead, cheeks, and nose in particular, that results in lesions seen clinically to consist of a rim of yellow papules around a central dell that represents a dilated ostium of a follicle.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Stasis Changes and Venous Ulcers

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Alterations in the skin and subcutaneous fat, such as pigmentation and induration, secondary to the effects of long-term stasis, and ulcers that occur on the lower part of the legs as a consequence of the effects, combined, of incompetent valves of veins and thrombosis within veins situated deep.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Palmar and Plantar Keratoderma

A keratotic condition of the palms and soles, inherited usually, but sometimes acquired, in which involvement may be diffuse, circumscribed (including striate), or punctate….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Palmar and Plantar Keratoderma

A keratotic condition of the palms and soles, inherited usually, but sometimes acquired, in which involvement may be diffuse, circumscribed (including striate), or punctate….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Treatment

…frequently misdiagnosed as acne. In the patient with both acne and flat warts, topical retinoids are an ideal treatment. Common warts and plantar warts Common (especially periungual) and plantar warts are a therapeutic challenge for patient and prov…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Palmar and Plantar Keratoderma: Overview

…helpful. Hydrated petrolatum with 20-40% urea applied nightly and as needed during the day may be useful. If no improvement occurs, and the keratoderma interferes with either work or ambulation, the patient may be a candidate for oral retinoids. Cur…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Psoriasis: Principles of Psoriasis Management

…m. Can be messy to apply, has an unpleasant smell, stains skin and clothes. In some countries not available because of theoretical risk of carcinogenicity. Liquor carbonis detergens (LCD): Refined preparation of coal tar. Effective in palmar or pl…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hand Dermatitis: Key Points

…ficult to treat due to the thickened skin surface of the hands and the frequent exposure of the hands to irritants and potentially exacerbating factors. Hand dermatitis can range from an acute, extremely pruritic or painful eruption, characterized by…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Clinical Cases

…Initial evaluation Healthy appearing male Left foot: on the plantar aspect of the hallux, there is a 2 cm endophytic verrucous plaque Diagnosis: verruca plantaris (plantar wart) Recommend cryosurgery (in-office procedure) Recommend application of…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Key Points

…s: flat warts (verruca plana); common warts (verruca vulgaris) and plantar warts; and genital warts (condyloma acuminata). The different wart types are caused by distinct strains of HPV: flat warts (HPV3), common warts (HPV2, 4), plantar warts (HPV1)…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

…in which lesions present themselves clinically as red macules and subtle scaly papules. They soon become so confluent that there is widespread redness and scaling punctuated by islands of skin that ostensibly are spared and by discrete tiny keratose…

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