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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Key Points

…Points The treatment of syphilis is based on the duration of infection and the organ systems involved. Five subtypes of syphilis can be distinguished: primary, secondary, or early syphilis of less than 1 year’s duration; infection of indetermi…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease): Key Points

Key Points Infection with various Borrelia species causes borreliosis, which may have cutaneous and systemic manifestations. This infection is transmitted through bites of the Ixodes species of ticks. Early Lyme disease (erythema chronicum migrans…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Gonorrhea and Disseminated Gonococcemia: Overview

Overview Gonococcal infection may remain localized to one or several mucosal surfaces or may become bloodborne, causing a characteristic dermatitis-arthritis syndrome. The therapeutic strategy is to treat the pathogenic microorganism with the most a…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Zoster & Varicella: Key Points

Key Points Primary varicella infection (chickenpox) and herpes zoster are both caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV). Herpes zoster (shingles) represents activation of varicella zoster virus from cranial or dorsal root ganglion, thus affecting th…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Erythema Multiforme: Key Points

…al erosions. It may be idiopathic or seen in association with infections or medications. EM has been reported in association with herpes simplex infection, mycoplasma pneumonial infection, contact dermatitis, medications, and radiation. There is cons…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Venous Stasis: Treatment

…of leg ulcers, management of leg edema, monitoring for wound infection, and proper wound care. Stasis ulcers are the most common cause of leg ulceration. Evidence of venous insufficiency may be minimal, so in some cases vascular evaluation (by Doppl…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Superficial Fungal Infections: Therapy: Tinea versicolor

…rapy: Tinea versicolor Tinea versicolor is a superficial skin infection by Malassezia furfur (a.k.a. Pityrosporum ovale and Pityrosporum orbiculare). Epidemiology Tinea versicolor is a very common skin infection, affecting up to 2-8% individuals in t…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Kaposi’s Sarcoma: Overview

…ma (KS) results from endothelial cell proliferation caused by infection with human herpesvirus 8 and occurs in four settings: classic KS, African (endemic) KS, immunosuppressive-associated KS, and AIDS-associated KS. The therapy of each form is discu…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Zoster & Varicella: Treatment

…ed. HIV serologic testing and examination for findings of HIV infection are indicated, especially in persons under the age of 50 and those with risk factors predisposing to HIV infection. Patients under 50 years, immunocompetent Most immunocompetent…

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