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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Key Points

…Points The treatment of syphilis is based on the duration of infection and the organ systems involved. Five subtypes of syphilis can be distinguished: primary, secondary, or early syphilis of less than 1 year’s duration; infection of indeterm…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease): Key Points

Key Points Infection with various Borrelia species causes borreliosis, which may have cutaneous and systemic manifestations. This infection is transmitted through bites of the Ixodes species of ticks. Early Lyme disease (erythema chronicum migrans…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Zoster & Varicella: Key Points

…followed by a generalized pruritic vesiculopustular eruption. Infection with primary varicella leads to lifelong immunity in approximately 90% of cases; the lifetime prevalence of having additional infections with primary varicella is estimated at 1…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Gonorrhea and Disseminated Gonococcemia: Overview

…antibiotic. Efficacy of treatment is dependent on the site of infection and the sexual exposures of the infected person. The sexual partners of persons with gonococcal infection are often asymptomatic carriers and must be referred for evaluation and…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Erythema Multiforme: Key Points

…sal erosions. It may be idiopathic or seen in association with infections or medications. EM has been reported in association with herpes simplex infection, mycoplasma pneumonial infection, contact dermatitis, medications, and radiation. There is con…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Venous Stasis: Treatment

…sential to improvement of the leg ulcer. Monitor and treat for infection: Excessive drainage, surrounding erythema, tenderness, and failure of a healing ulcer to continue to heal may be signs of infection. Wound cultures are recommended and appropria…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Superficial Fungal Infections: Therapy: Tinea versicolor

…erapy: Tinea versicolor Tinea versicolor is a superficial skin infection by Malassezia furfur (a.k.a. Pityrosporum ovale and Pityrosporum orbiculare). Epidemiology Tinea versicolor is a very common skin infection, affecting up to 2-8% individuals in…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Kaposi’s Sarcoma: Overview

…atients with lower-extremity lesions. Ulceration and secondary infection are not infrequent, and they require aggressive therapy with antibiotics for infection or cellulitis and local dressings. Low-dose interferon alpha, 3 million units three times…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Zoster & Varicella: Treatment

…red. HIV serologic testing and examination for findings of HIV infection are indicated, especially in persons under the age of 50 and those with risk factors predisposing to HIV infection. Patients under 50 years, immunocompetent Most immunocompeten…

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