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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Syphilis

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An inflammatory process, caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, that tends to evolve through three stages, namely, primary (typified usually by a solitary chancre), secondary (characterized by widespread macules and papules on skin and mucous membranes in conjunction with signs and symptoms of systemic disease), and tertiary (manifested by gummas in the skin and destructive lesions also in the bones, eyes, brain, and elsewhere, resulting in debilitation and often death).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Syphilis

An inflammatory process, caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, that tends to evolve through three stages, namely, primary (typified usually by a solitary chancre), secondary (characterized by widespread macules and papules on skin and mucous…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues)

A condition of persons of any age, but particularly children with a genetic proclivity for allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, and allergic asthma. Intense pruritus induces patients to rub the skin intensely and to scratch furiously, the resultant…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Key Points

Key Points The treatment of syphilis is based on the duration of infection and the organ systems involved. Five subtypes of syphilis can be distinguished: primary, secondary, or early syphilis of less than 1 year’s duration; infection of inde…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Primary syphilis Secondary syphilis Tertiary syphilis Congenital syphilis Differential diagnosis Differential diagnosis of primary syphilis Herpes simplex virus Differ…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Treatment

Treatment First-line therapy: The first-line therapy for syphilis depends on the duration of infection and the immune competence of the host. Patients’ contacts should be traced and evaluated for possible syphilis infection. All documented cases of…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Alopecia: Key Points

Key Points Alopecia, or hair loss, has a broad spectrum of causes. In order to appropriately treat alopecia, the type of hair loss or pathophysiology must be clearly identified. The evaluation for hair loss requires a very thorough history and phys…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Superficial Fungal Infections: Therapy: Tinea capitis

…is For pronounced alopecia: alopecia areata, trichotillomania, secondary syphilis, pseudopelade Inflammatory tinea capitis must differentiated from bacterial infections, folliculitis decalvans, perifolliculitis capitis abscedens Differential diagnosi…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Balanitis: Overview

Overview Balanitis is a nonspecific term meaning inflammation of the glans penis. It is most commonly multifactorial in etiology, restricted to the uncircumcised, and presents as a mildly symptomatic scaly, red macule or patch. Acute suppurative bal…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Warts: Treatment

Treatment First-line therapy: The first-line therapy for warts involves destructive methods tailored to the type of wart. Destruction of wart lesions may be accomplished using cryosurgical or electrosurgical techniques, chemical destruction either…

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