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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

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An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammation, and fibrosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

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A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Neurofibromatosis

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A constellation of lesions that represent disorders of melanocytes (e.g., axillary "freckles" and café au lait "spots") and of proliferations of Schwann cells (e.g., papules, nodules, and tumors of neurofibroma).

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

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A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp. The condition may present itself as a solitary lesio…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

…and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colors, shapes, and sizes, among them, macules and patches,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Psoriasis: Principles of Psoriasis Management

…cal therapy alone offers excellent control for localized forms of psoriasis. Emollients. Liberal use of emollients to soften and hydrate the epidermis is a cornerstone of psoriasis therapy. Keratolytics. These agents remove scale, soften plaques, an…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Epidermal Nevi

Epidermal nevi are hamartomas in which the epidermis is abnormal, being hyperkeratotic, and in which lesions are aligned along Blaschko’s lines….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanoma

…as a macule and may become a patch or a papule. A flat lesion of melanoma tends to be asymmetrical, poorly circumscribed with a scalloped, jagged, or notched border, and variegate, mostly shades of brown. A patch may become a plaque or upon it may d…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Leprosy/Hansen’s Disease and Reactional States: Overview

…occur at this dosage. Its efficacy is less predictable than in type II reactions (see below). Type II (erythema nodosum leprosum) reaction Type II reactions tend to be more short-lived than type I reactions. Reaction controlled: Taper off thalidom…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Porokeratosis

…ctate manifestation) is a keratotic ring around a central zone of atrophy, e.g., in a congenital expression that takes the form of a plaque (Mibelli), in a congenital manifestation in which lesions are in linear array (segmental), in an acquired type

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Allergic Contact Dermatitis: Key Points

…ntities can be informed by a careful history, including timing of onset of symptoms. Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), or Type IV hypersensitivity, reaction to an allergen. Treatment necessitates avoidanc…

Differential Diagnosis in Dermatopathology

Trichoblastoma, small nodular type vs. Trichoblastoma, large nodular type

…ctate manifestation) is a keratotic ring around a central zone of atrophy, e.g., in a congenital expression that takes the form of a plaque (Mibelli), in a congenital manifestation in which lesions are in linear array (segmental), in an acquired type

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