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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Basal-Cell Carcinoma

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A malignant neoplasm made up of abnormal germinative cells analogous to those that compose the folliculosebaceous-apocrine germ in an embryo and that usually manifests clinically as a papule or nodule which may become ulcerated.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Keratosis Pilaris/Lichen Spinulosus

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Keratotic spikes that emerge from dilated ostia of infundibula and are equidistant from one another.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Seborrheic Keratosis, Including Solar Lentigo

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A benign neoplasm of keratinocytes that consists of pigmented macules, papules, and plaques distributed on sun-exposed sites for a solar lentigo and the reticulated type of seborrheic keratosis, which represents a later stage of solar lentigo, and on the trunk mostly for other types of seborrheic keratosis unrelated to solar lentigo.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Squamous-Cell Carcinoma

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A malignant neoplasm of keratinocytes that when present as a keratotic macule or papule on skin damaged badly by sunlight is referred to as solar keratosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Syringoma

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A benign neoplasm of apocrine ductal nature within the upper half of the dermis that manifests itself clinically as tiny, smooth, skin-colored, round or oblong papules that usually are situated in periorbital skin, but may be seen on other sites, such as the neck or genitalia, or even be widespread.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Tinea Versicolor

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An inflammatory disease caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur, the organisms of which proliferate in a slightly thickened stratum corneum.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Xanthomas, Including Xanthogranulomas

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Deposits of lipid in the skin and sometimes in subcutaneous tissues as a consequence often, but not always, of hyperlipidemia.

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Erysipelas/Cellulitis: References

…epidemiology, clinical features and management of erysipelas, Int J Derm, 49:1012-1017. UK Dermatology Clinical Trials Network’s PATCH Trial Team (2011) Prophylactic antibiotics for the prevention of cellulitis (erysipelas) of the leg: results…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hand Dermatitis: References

…m, 34: 761-769. English JSC, Wootton CI (2012) Recent advances in the management of hand dermatitis: Does alitretinoin work?, Clinics in Derm, 29: 273-277. Ruzicka T et al (2008) Efficacy and safety of oral alitretinoin in patients with severe chroni…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Keratosis Pilaris: Treatment

…or tacrolimus 0.1% ointment (e.g., Protopic) may be effective in KP associated with atopic dermatitis, but are best utilized for flares of inflammatory KP and not for chronic use. If highly inflammatory lesions are present, an empiric trial of eryth…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Keratosis Pilaris: References

References Breithaupt AD, Alio A, Friedlander SF (2011) A comparative trial comparing the efficacy of tacrolimus 0.1% ointment with Aquaphor ointment for the treatment of keratosis pilaris, Ped Derm, 28(4):459-477. Marqueling A, Gilliam AE, Prendivi…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Extramammary Paget’s/Paget’s Disease: Overview

…amammary Paget’s is made when Paget cells are identified in histopathologic specimens from involved skin. The term Paget’s disease is used when the cutaneous lesion is identified involving the nipple of the breast, while extramammary Page…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Actinic Keratosis (a.k.a. Solar Keratosis): References

…ototoxicity and aggressive squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in children and adults during treatment with voriconazole, JAAD, 62(1):31-37. Criscione VD, Weinstock MA, Naylor MF, et al (2009) Natural history and risk of malignant transformation in t…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease): Treatment

…iotics. Doxycycline 100 mg orally twice daily for 10-21 days. In one comparative trial, 10 days of doxycycline was equivalent to 20 days, although rare treatment failures can occur with any duration of oral therapy. Amoxicillin, 500 mg three times d…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Rosacea: Subtypes of Rosacea and Their Treatment

…oxycycline (such as Adoxa, Doryx) 100 mg daily to b.i.d. After initial clearance, the dosing may be reduced or stopped. Systemic tetracycline antibiotics should not be used in children under the age of 8 because of potential permanent discoloration o…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Flushing: Overview

…teps Administer a B-blocker, such as Nadolol 20 mg once daily independent of meals, increasing the dose slowly as tolerated. (Do not use this therapy in patients with asthma, cardiac insufficiency, or possible pheochromocytoma.) Search for and remov…

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