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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

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Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punctuated by draining sinuses and by ulcers.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Basal-Cell Carcinoma

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A malignant neoplasm made up of abnormal germinative cells analogous to those that compose the folliculosebaceous-apocrine germ in an embryo and that usually manifests clinically as a papule or nodule which may become ulcerated.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Deep Fungal Infections

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Cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, usually nodules, that have become keratotic, crusted, and ulcerated as a consequence of infection by a variety of deep fungi, i.e., fungi situated in the dermis and subcutis, some of which may be disseminated to other organs.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Keratosis Pilaris/Lichen Spinulosus

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Keratotic spikes that emerge from dilated ostia of infundibula and are equidistant from one another.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

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An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Seborrheic Keratosis, Including Solar Lentigo

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A benign neoplasm of keratinocytes that consists of pigmented macules, papules, and plaques distributed on sun-exposed sites for a solar lentigo and the reticulated type of seborrheic keratosis, which represents a later stage of solar lentigo, and on the trunk mostly for other types of seborrheic keratosis unrelated to solar lentigo.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Squamous-Cell Carcinoma

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A malignant neoplasm of keratinocytes that when present as a keratotic macule or papule on skin damaged badly by sunlight is referred to as solar keratosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Sweet’s Syndrome

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An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Syringoma

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A benign neoplasm of apocrine ductal nature within the upper half of the dermis that manifests itself clinically as tiny, smooth, skin-colored, round or oblong papules that usually are situated in periorbital skin, but may be seen on other sites, such as the neck or genitalia, or even be widespread.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Tinea Versicolor

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An inflammatory disease caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur, the organisms of which proliferate in a slightly thickened stratum corneum.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Xanthomas, Including Xanthogranulomas

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Deposits of lipid in the skin and sometimes in subcutaneous tissues as a consequence often, but not always, of hyperlipidemia.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

An inflammatory process in pregnant women near term that consists of urticarial papules and plaques, especially on the trunk and particularly in association with lesions of striae atrophicantes, the lesions disappearing shortly after parturition….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Sweet’s Syndrome

An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis. It may…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy

An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis. It may…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Sweet’s Syndrome (Acute Febrile Neutrophil Dermatosis)

An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis. It may…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Behçet Syndrome

An inflammatory process expressed clinically by markedly edematous acuminate papules and edematous plaques situated mostly on the face, upper part of the trunk, and arms, especially the hands, and often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis. It may…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Sweet’s Syndrome (Acute Febrile Neutrophil Dermatosis): Key Points

…alignancy (especially hematologic), connective tissue disease, inflammatory diseases, infection, pregnancy, or triggered by medications or pathergy (injury). Sweet’s syndrome is almost universally responsive to treatment with systemic corticosteroids…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Facial Melanosis, Melasma: Key Points

…melanosis (also known as melasma) is a very common condition. In the USA, 5 to 6 million individuals are affected. Melasma usually appears in association with oral contraceptive (OCP) use or pregnancy (“chloasma,” or the “mask of p…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

…d, these lesions will dull in color and may develop eczematous inflammation, hypertrophy, and/or a papillated or cobblestoned surface. Most port-wine stains are benign, however, in rare cases a PWS is associated with a syndrome with extracutaneous ma…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Erythema Multiforme: Key Points

…ording to some authors, may be synonymous with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and entails a more severe clinical syndrome with more atypical target lesions and pronounced mucosal involvement at two anatomic sites. EM major occurs in association with…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Behçet Syndrome: Overview

…ness. Only the treatment of the cutaneous disease is discussed in this section. Systemic Therapy First Steps For the mucosal ulcerations, colchicine 1.2-2.4 mg per day in divided doses may be effective. Pentoxifyline 400 mg three times daily is also…

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