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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

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An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks

An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

Key Points Vascular birthmarks are cutaneous vascular lesions present at, or shortly after, birth. They may be categorized as vascular tumors or vascular malformations. The term hemangioma has previously been used to describe many common, typicall…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: References

…etzen LS, Koerper MA, Frieden IJ (2009) Physiologic changes in vascular birthmarks during early infancy: Mechanisms and clinical implications, JAAD, 60: 669-675. Garzon MC, Huang JT, Enjolras O, Frieden IJ (2007) Vascular malformations: Part I. JAAD,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Treatment

Treatment Initial therapy First-line: Surgical excision For diagnosis, complete excisional biopsy with minimal margins, pathologically evaluated at multiple levels to determine the tumor thickness, ulceration, mitotic index, evidence of regression,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Venous Stasis: Treatment

Treatment Stasis dermatitis First-line therapy: The first-line therapy for stasis dermatitis includes control of edema, if possible, and use of an anti-inflammatory topical medication such as a medium potency topical corticosteroid. Stasis dermati…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Predominantly Vascular/Perivascular Fluorescence

…d venules of the superficial plexus. The only other pattern of vascular fluorescence that deserves mention is the already-described thick, smooth, perivascular one (for IgG and often IgA) that occurs in conjunction with a similar pattern of fluoresce…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Treatment

Treatment Treatment of hemangioma of infancy HOI present shortly after birth, and undergo periods of rapid growth during infancy and spontaneous involution during infancy or childhood. Rapid growth may cause severe disfigurement, vision impairment,…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Predominantly Intraepithelial Fluorescence

…helium also may be affected. The prototype for intraepithelial fluorescence is pemphigus vulgaris. That malady is characterized by predominance of IgG evident between epithelial cells (“intercellular” or “cell surface” fluores…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis: Key Points

Key points Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH) is an uncommon, strikingly painful lesion on the helix or antihelix of the ear, which often appears as a crusted ulceration mimicking a cutaneous malignancy. Diagnosis may be made by clinical exa…

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