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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

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An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations, and Ectasias

An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks

An hemangioma is a benign neoplasm of blood vessels, a vascular malformation is an aberration in development of one or more major vascular structures, and an ectasia is a dilation of a preexisting end vessel….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

Key Points Vascular birthmarks are cutaneous vascular lesions present at, or shortly after, birth. They may be categorized as vascular tumors or vascular malformations. The term hemangioma has previously been used to describe many common, typicall…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: References

…etzen LS, Koerper MA, Frieden IJ (2009) Physiologic changes in vascular birthmarks during early infancy: Mechanisms and clinical implications, JAAD, 60: 669-675. Garzon MC, Huang JT, Enjolras O, Frieden IJ (2007) Vascular malformations: Part I. JAAD,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Melanoma: Treatment

Treatment Initial therapy First-line: Surgical excision For diagnosis, complete excisional biopsy with minimal margins, pathologically evaluated at multiple levels to determine the tumor thickness, ulceration, mitotic index, evidence of regression,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Venous Stasis: Treatment

Treatment Stasis dermatitis First-line therapy: The first-line therapy for stasis dermatitis includes control of edema, if possible, and use of an anti-inflammatory topical medication such as a medium potency topical corticosteroid. Stasis dermati…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Treatment

…extracutaneous manifestations, such as PHACE (posterior fossa malformations, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta and other cardiac abnormalities, and eye abnormalities). For consideration of laser or surgical removal of a vascul…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Helicis: Key Points

Key points Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH) is an uncommon, strikingly painful lesion on the helix or antihelix of the ear, which often appears as a crusted ulceration mimicking a cutaneous malignancy. Diagnosis may be made by clinical exa…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Urticaria: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Acute urticaria Migrating pruritic edematous papules and plaques of variable size, surrounded by erythema or an area of vasoconstriction (i.e., wheal). Can be intermittent, with the skin returning to normal appearance in less tha…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Venous Stasis: Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases Case 1 63-year-old female Past medical history is notable for hypertension Review of systems is noncontributory Presents for management of 3-year history of varicose veins, bilateral lower extremity swelling, and recurrent rashes…

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