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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Viral Exanthems

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An inflammatory process manifested by a transient, usually widespread eruption, made up typically of macules and papules, and episodically of vesicles and pustules.

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Viral Exanthems

An inflammatory process manifested by a transient, usually widespread eruption, made up typically of macules and papules, and episodically of vesicles and pustules. It is caused by a virus disseminated hematogenously….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Viral Exanthems

An inflammatory process manifested by a transient, usually widespread eruption, made up typically of macules and papules, and episodically of vesicles and pustules. It is caused by a virus disseminated hematogenously….

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Viral Exanthems: Key Points

Key Points Viral exanthems are usually asymptomatic and self-limited, and therapy usually is not required. Recognition of the viral etiology is mostly indicated for counseling patients regarding the course of the infection and regarding contact pre…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Viral Exanthems: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Patients with a viral exanthem often present with a non-specific morbilliform eruption. In some cases, the skin disease as part of a constellation of other symptoms may indicate a specific viral etiology. Measles German m…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Viral Exanthems: Treatment

…f therapy. Arthritis and meningitis are rare complications of viral illnesses, although they occur with greater frequency in affected adults than children. Viral exanthems can induce an aplastic crisis in patients with hematologic disease (sickle cel…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Simplex: Clinical Cases

…laise No preceding illnesses or trauma Initial visit Obtain viral DFA and culture for herpes simplex virus from cells or fluid of a fresh sore Empiric treatment with acyclovir 400 mg p.o. t.i.d. x 7 days 1-week follow-up evaluation Viral DFA and…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Viral Exanthems: References

References Scott LA and MS Stone (2003) Viral Exanthems, Dermatology Online Journal, 9(3):4. Folster-Holst R and HW Kreth (2009) Viral exanthems in childhood: Part 1, 2, and 3. Journal of the German Society of Dermatology, 7:309-316 (Part 1), 7:414-…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Folliculitis (including pseudofolliculitis barbae): Key Points

…absent, making differentiation from milaria, papulovesicular viral exanthems, and acneiform eruptions difficult. Folliculitis is a common presentation of infection with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. As such, follicl…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Lichen Planus: Key Points

…uma or injury (koebnerization). The prevalence of hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection-not hepatitis B-is higher in patients with lichen planus; viral screening should be considered for patients with lichen planus, especially if potential HCV risk facto…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Oral Hairy Leukoplakia: Key Points

…ted individuals; risk of reactivation increases with elevated viral load and reduced CD4 lymphocyte count. OHL has also been described in other immunocompromised individuals, including patients with hematologic malignancy, persons undergoing chemothe…

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