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Chapter 21. Dermatophytosis

Definition

An inflammatory process caused by superficial fungi, i.e., fungi situated superficially in the cornified layer and in other cornified structures, and expressed clinically as smooth-surfaced papules, scaly papules, scaly plaques, nodules, pustules, vesicles, and bullae. The papules, pustules, and nodules may be centered in follicles (Majocchi’s granuloma). Lesions may occur on any anatomic site, but particularly on the scalp (tinea capitis), inguinal region (tinea cruris), hands (tinea manum), feet (tinea pedis), and nails (onychomycosis).

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