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Dermatopathology: Practical & Conceptual July - September 2002
Contrary View: The Breast is not an Organ
but a Distinctive Region of Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue: Part I, Embryologic Development
A. Bernard Ackerman, M.D.
Galen Kessler, M.D.
Tibor Gyorfi, M.D.
The Breast is Not a Sweat Gland
Development of Skin and Subcutaneous Fat
Development of the Folliculosebaceous-Apocrine Unit
Development of the Eccrine (Sweat) Unit
Development of the Breast, Including Folliculosebaceous-Apocrine Units and Eccrine Units of It
The Breast in Literature
All textbooks of general pathology list the breast in the "Contents" with other organs of the body under consideration there. None include the breast in a chapter devoted to skin and subcutaneous fat. The same is true, too, for all texts of anatomy and histology. But as this work, presented in three parts, reveals convincingly, on the basis of analysis in terms of embryology, anatomy, histology, and pathology, the breast is nothing other than a specialized region of the integument and the adipose tissue beneath it.
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