Why dermatoscopy? What can dermatoscopy achieve in the country with the highest incidence of melanoma worldwide? In his editorial, Peter Soyer, President of the 3rd World Congress of Dermoscopy (Brisbane, Australia, May 17-19, 2012) explains. Abstracts for the Congress are published in the Supplement of this issue of Dermatology Practical & Conceptual. “There is no conceivable fulfillment of any rational life except progress towards further fulfillment.” Charles S. Peirce, Contributions to the Nation 3, 1903:124.