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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Acne Vulgaris

A disease of infundibulosebaceous units, especially infundibula, that may manifest itself solely as noninflammatory lesions, i.e., comedones and intact cysts, or as inflammatory lesions, i.e., papules, nodules, and pustules. The process may resolve…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Keratosis Pilaris/Lichen Spinulosus

Keratotic spikes that emerge from dilated ostia of infundibula and are equidistant from one another. The term keratosis pilaris refers to the phenomenon when it presents itself without any distinct arrangement of individual lesions, whereas the desi…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Cysts and Cystic Hamartomas

Papules, nodules, and tumors that, on gross examination, are usually skin colored and, on histopathologic examination, consist of an epithelium-lined sac that contains fluid, cells, or both in the case of true cysts and of cysts that are associated…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

An inflammatory process in which lesions present themselves clinically as red macules and subtle scaly papules. They soon become so confluent that there is widespread redness and scaling punctuated by islands of skin that ostensibly are spared and b…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Folliculitis (Infundibulitis) and Pseudofolliculitis (Pseudoinfundibulitis)

Infundibulitis, usually a suppurative inflammatory process that involves infundibula, is either noninfectious, as in the case of pustules of acne vulgaris, or infectious, as in the case of pustules caused by Staphylococcus aureus. In contrast, pseud…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Molluscum Contagiosum

A hyperplasia of infundibular epithelium consequent to the effects of infection by a pox virus and manifesting itself clinically as one or more skin-colored, smooth-surfaced, dome-shaped papules, each with a central umbilication filled with horny ma…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Sebaceous Gland Hyperplasia

An enlargement of normal pre-existing sebaceous lobules on the face, the forehead, cheeks, and nose in particular, that results in lesions seen clinically to consist of a rim of yellow papules around a central dell that represents a dilated ostium o…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatophytosis

An inflammatory process caused by superficial fungi, i.e., fungi situated superficially in the cornified layer and in other cornified structures, and expressed clinically as smooth-surfaced papules, scaly papules, scaly plaques, nodules, pustules, v…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pyoderma Gangrenosum

An inflammatory process that often begins as a suppurative folliculitis manifested clinically as pustules. It rapidly extends to become ulcers marked at their periphery by boggy tissue. The skin disease is associated commonly with inflammatory bowel…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Hair Follicles

…of a sebaceous duct; that site demarcates the isthmus from the infundibulum, that is, follicular from epidermal epithelium. An infundibulum, as its name denotes, has the shape of a funnel. The upper two thirds of it consist of the cone of the funnel,…

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