A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Alopecias

Loss of hair attributable either to the effects of inflammatory cells on follicles or to physiological or mechanical factors in which inflammatory cells play no role. Although the scalp is the site most often affected, any region of the skin that be…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

A disease manifested chiefly in the skin by vesicles and bullae that appear on sites of trauma, especially the face and dorsa of the hands, often in conjunction with macular hyperpigmentation and hypertrichosis of a face and sclerodermoid changes on…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanoma

A malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that, in the skin, begins as a macule and may become a patch or a papule. A flat lesion of melanoma tends to be asymmetrical, poorly circumscribed with a scalloped, jagged, or notched border, and variegate, mostly…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Psoriasis

An inflammatory disease of genetic nature that begins with red macules that quickly become nonscaly papules that in turn become scaly papules and plaques. If the process becomes widespread, an erythroderma results, and if it is accelerated, pustules…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Livedo Vasculitis and Livedo Reticularis

A type of small-vessel vasculitis (venulitis) of the skin, occurring especially in the vicinity of the ankle, characterized at first by purpuric macules and patches that, in time, may become hemorrhagic blisters that ulcerate and heal with white, st…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Atypical Mycobacterial Infections

Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue by atypical mycobacteria, that is, mycobacteria other than those responsible for tuberculosis and leprosy, expressed clinically as keratotic and crusted papules, plaques, nodules, and tumors that may be punc…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Kaposi’s Sarcoma

A systemic disease, which manifests itself in the skin first as violaceous macules and patches that tend to progress to papules and plaques, and sometimes to nodules and tumors, all of which represent hyperplasia of endothelial cells….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Lupus Erythematosus

An inflammatory process that expresses itself in the skin in protean ways that are variations on a basic pathologic theme, and includes evanescent patches on the face (“butterfly blush”), scaly papules and plaques that resolve with atrop…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Rosacea

A papular and pustular inflammatory process that is centered in follicles and is distributed mostly in the middle third of the face in both vertical and horizontal directions. Among the varied manifestations of rosacea are innumerable telangiectases…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Atopic Dermatitis: Treatment

Treatment Initial therapy Hydration: Regular use of emollients during and between flares can provide effective hydration. See patient handout Skin Care in Atopic Dermatitis Suppression of inflammation: A topical corticosteroid should be applied…