A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pemphigus Foliaceus

A blistering inflammatory disease in which acantholysis occurs in the upper part of the spinous zone or granular zone of the epidermis, the result of the process being flaccid blisters that give way to erosions and crusts accompanied by erythema. Wh…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Vitiligo

An inflammatory process that is idiopathic and results in depigmentation of the skin consequent to loss of melanocytes from the epidermis, and in whitening of hair that follows loss of melanocytes from the bulb of follicles….

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nodular Vasculitis

An arteritis in the subcutaneous fat manifested clinically at first by one or more red nodules that, in time, become ulcerated and heal with scars, usually on the posterior aspect of the legs of short, thick-legged women. No cause is usually found,…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Fixed Drug Eruption

Circular orange-red-blue macule(s) or patch(es) that often becomes a papule(s) or plaque(s) and vesiculates, healing with hyperpigmentation, and that occurs repeatedly at the very same cutaneous and/or mucous membrane site(s), especially the genital…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus

A hamartoma of epidermis, epithelial structures of adnexa, and presumably dermal elements, typified, when fully formed, by a papillated or verrucous yellowish plaque situated usually on the scalp. The condition may present itself as a solitary lesio…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans

A malignant nonepithelial neoplasm (a sarcoma) presumably of perineural fibrocytes that presents itself usually on the trunk, but sometimes elsewhere, such as the extremities, face, and scalp. A papule of it tends to become a plaque, a nodule, a tum…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different colo…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Dermatofibroma

An inflammatory process that develops secondary to trauma, usually in the form of a penetrating injury or rupture of a follicle, and that proceeds through stages of granulation tissue with numerous extravasated erythrocytes, granulomatous inflammati…

Resolving Quandaries in Dermatology, Pathology & Dermatopathology

Lentigo?

…ll flat pigmented lesions on palms and soles are all melanotic macules (patches often in the case of melanosis of the genitalia). Not surprisingly, all of those expressions of melanotic macule may occur together in a single patient who has Laugier-Hu…

Histologic Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases

Applicable Terms

…trophicus, lichen simplex chronicus, and lichen myxedematosus. MACULE [L. macula (spot)]: A small, flat, nonpalpable spot on the skin, up to 1.0 cm in size, and of a color different from that of the surrounding normal skin. A larger analogue of a mac…