A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

An inflammatory process in which lesions present themselves clinically as red macules and subtle scaly papules. They soon become so confluent that there is widespread redness and scaling punctuated by islands of skin that ostensibly are spared and b…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Hand Dermatitis: Key Points

Key Points Hand dermatitis may be difficult to treat due to the thickened skin surface of the hands and the frequent exposure of the hands to irritants and potentially exacerbating factors. Hand dermatitis can range from an acute, extremely pruriti…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Candidiasis: Key Points

Key Points Candidiasis typically affects mucosal sites and moist and/or occluded areas of skin: groin, axilla, inframammary, infra-abdominal pannus, glans penis (in uncircumcised males), and orogenital mucosal sites. Predisposing factors include o…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Superficial Fungal Infections: Therapy: Tinea capitis

Therapy: Tinea capitis Tinea capitis is superficial fungal infection of the scalp and hair It is mainly caused by any pathogenic dermatophyte except E. floccosum and T. concentricum The most common cause worldwide is M. canis, whereas in the USA i…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Balanitis: Overview

Overview Balanitis is a nonspecific term meaning inflammation of the glans penis. It is most commonly multifactorial in etiology, restricted to the uncircumcised, and presents as a mildly symptomatic scaly, red macule or patch. Acute suppurative bal…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Ichthyoses/Disorders of Cornification: Overview

Overview Ichthyosis results from abnormal retention and/or production of the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis. Acquired ichthyosis can be a cutaneous manifestation of an underlying disease (e.g., malignant neoplasm, metabolic disorder, malabso…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Lichen Nitidus: Overview

Overview This chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause is characterized by myriads of tiny flat-topped papules. L. nitidus is most often asymptomatic and may spontaneously involute at any time. The therapeutic strategy is to treat with the leas…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Initial Evaluation

Initial Evaluation Erythematous, scaly, oily-looking patches on the face (nasolabial folds, medial cheeks, chin, glabella, forehead) and thick crust on the scalp are typical affected areas. Seborrheic dermatitis can also present…