TSx-Cover

Pernio/Chilblains

References

Brown PJ, Zirwas MJ, English JC 3rd (2010) The purple digit: an algorithmic approach to diagnosis. Am J Clin Dermatol 11:103-116.

Hedrich CM, Fiebig B, Hauck FH, Sallmann S, Hahn G, et al (2008) Chilblain lupus erythematosus: a review of the literature. Clin Rheumatol 27:949-954.

Lutz V, Cribier B, Lipsker D (2010) Chilblains and antiphosphlipid antibodies: report of four cases and review of the literature. Br J Dermatol 163:645-646.

Page EH, Shear NH (1988) Temperature-dependent skin disorders. J Am Acad Dermatol 18:1003-1016.

Prakash S, Weisman MH (2009) Idiopathic chilblains. Am J Medicine 122:1152-1155.

Tlougan BE, Mancini AJ, Mandell JA, Cohen DE, Sanchez MR (2011) Skin conditions in figure skaters, ice-hockey players, and speed skaters. Part II – Cold-induced, infectious, and inflammatory dermatoses. Sports Med 41:967-984.

Yang X, Perez O, English JC 3rd (2010) Adult perniosis and cryoglobulinemia: a retrospective study and review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol 62:e21-2.