Search Results for: congenital%20nevus

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A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Melanocytic Nevi and Melanotic Macules

Hamartomas (“congenital” melanocytic nevi) and benign neoplasms (“acquired” melanocytic nevi) of various specific types, all of which are composed of abnormal melanocytes and manifested clinically as lesions of different…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Key Points

…olvement Neurosyphilis Cranial nerve dysfunction, meningitis, stroke, altered mental status, general paresis, tabes dorsalis Congenital syphilis Saddle nose Saber shin, Clutton’s joints, Higoumenakis sign, hepatosplenomegaly, neurosyphilis,…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Syphilis (Lues): Treatment

…romycin 500 mg q.i.d. for 15 days; erythromycin may not adequately treat the fetus.Give additional penicillin therapy as for congenital syphilis (see below) to the baby at birth. 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 months Indeterminate length, > 1 year duration…

A Clinical Atlas of 101 Common Skin Diseases

Ichthyoses

…chthyosis), X-linked ichthyosis, and lamellar ichthyosis. Other conditions purported to be ichthyosis, among them nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, ichthyosis hystrix, and ichthyosis linearis circumflexa, do not fulfill the criteria…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Vascular Birthmarks: Key Points

Key Points Vascular birthmarks are cutaneous vascular lesions present at, or shortly after, birth. They may be categorized as vascular tumors or vascular malformations. The term hemangioma has previously been used to describe many common, typically…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Ichthyoses/Disorders of Cornification: Overview

…successful control of bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma (epidermolytic hyperkeratosis), lamellar ichthyosis, and nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma generally are higher than those employed for other applications (e.g., acne, cancer…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Herpes Zoster & Varicella: Key Points

…t individuals may result in intrauterine infection (especially in the first or second trimesters of pregnancy), resulting in congenital varicella syndrome, a syndrome marked by significant morbidity and mortality to both mother and child. Herpes…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Histiocytosis X/Langerhans Cell Histiocytoses: Overview

…ease. While cyclosporine in high doses 12 mg/kg/day leads to resolution of skin disease, relapses frequently occur. Pitfalls Congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis is a benign Langerhans cell histiocytosis. This diagnosis should be…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Principles of Seborrheic Dermatitis Management

…-like picture can be the presenting feature of all forms of Langerhans’ cell histiocytoses and other rare inherited or congenital disorders (e.g., Hailey-Hailey disease, primary immunodeficiencies). Seborrheic dermatitis tends to recur and…

Therapeutic Strategies in Dermatology

Lupus: Key Points

…us to erythematous scaly plaques, often with periocular involvement (raccoon eyes) Female patients (newborns) Anti-Ro/SSA (87%)+ Anti-La/SSB (50%)+ Born to mothers who are Ro/SSA+ but may be asymptomatic Association with congenital heart block in up…

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