- Rosacea is a chronic, multifactorial inflammatory skin disorder, the exact pathogenesis of which is still uncertain. It is mostly seen in adults but may rarely present during childhood and adolescence.
- The diagnosis of rosacea is made based on a thorough history and physical in order to meeting criteria of specific clinical phenotypes.
- Treatment of rosacea is based on the individual phenotypes present in the patient and varies widely, from topical a-adrenergic agonists for erythema, ivermectin cream (Soolantra) for inflammatory papules and pustules, to laser treatment or other surgical intervention for phymatous rosacea.
- When possible, patients should be instructed to avoid triggers such as alcohol, sun exposure, hot weather, exercise, hot or spicy foods, medications, or emotional stress.